• Why_Study_Psychology.JPG
      • The study of behavior must be systematic. Many different approaches are necessary to understand the complex richness of human behavior
      • Example: The story "The Blind Men and the Elephant"

Gain_a_better_understanding_of_people.JPG
    • Psychology can provide useful insight into behavior.
    • the relationship between brain and behavior
    • Studying psychology provides an avenue for students to become more self-aware and to better understand the behavior of others
      • More_self_aware.JPG
    • helps students prepare for careers in social services, business, education, medicine, or law.




What is Psychology?
What_is_Psychology.JPG Study_of_behavior_and_mental_process.JPG


.............Thoughts.JPG.......................................................................................
.....................................................................................Feelings.JPG..............
.........................................Behaviors.JPG........................................................



Goals_of_Psychology.JPG


Descriptions.JPG
  • 1st goal is to gather information and to present the info.
  • Explanation.JPG
    • Find an explanation for the facts that you have found before you diagnose the problem.
  • Prediction.JPG
    • Predict what the person or organism is going to do.
    • Studying past behaviors can better help to predict subsequent behaviors.
Control.JPG
  • Work to influence or control the behaviors of the person that they are working with Wilhelm Wundt
    Breif_History_of_Psychology.JPGexternal image 39.GIF
  • Dualism-17th century- and Descartes.
  • Structuralism- 1879-Wilhelm Wundt- Introspection self obstructive to collect things about the mind.
  • Functionalism- William James (around 1890)
  • Psychoanalysis-Sigmund Freud; a practicing physician in Vienna until 1938
  • Behaviorism- Ivan Pavlov; BF Skinner, Actions are controlled by how you are rewarded.
  • Humanism-“I’m ok, you’re ok.”


external image Ivan_Pavlov_%28Nobel%29.png Ivan Pavlov
  • The Psychology of Learning
  • Conditioning.JPG
    • Classical.JPG - Controlling an animal or a persons behavior/responses in a way that an old response becomes attached to a new stimulus. (associates Dr. with pain)
      • Classical conditioning starts with two things that are connected with each other in some way, and then you add another thing in a few times. After time the 2 original things will become associated with the added third thing.
      • The name most associated with Classical conditioning is Pavlov. He did lots of tests involving dogs, food, and bells.
      • You can train people and animals to do something when they hear a specific noise even if it has nothing to do with the thing that they are doing.
        • For example, Pavlov gave his dog food, everytime that he gave him food he would have a bell that would ring. When dogs eat they salivate. After long enough of ringing a bell when he ate, the dog would salivate when he heard a bell even if he didnt get any food.
      • external image 323800975_2faea1cd3f.jpg?v=0
    • Operant.JPG - Learning from the consequences of behavior. (comforting - something bad will happen)
      • Generalization - subject responds to a 2nd stimulus similar to the original CS without prior training with second stimulus
      • Discrimination - ability to respond differently to different stimuli
      • Extinction - CR gradually dies out over time. Cand also be manipulated
      • Reinforcement - can be defined as a stimulus or event that affects the likelihood that an immediatly preceding behavior will be repeated. NOT necessaily positiv
      • Aversive contol - when aversive or unpleasant consequences influence behavior.
      • Negative reinforcemnt - a paintul or unpleasant stimulus is removed or is not applied at all. It follows and takes away (negates) an aversive stimulus. Store in shoe.
      • Escape conditioning - a person behavior causes an unpleasant event to stop
      • Avoidance conditioning - a person's behavior has the effect of preventing an unpleasant situation from happening
      • Punishment - an unpleasant consequence that occurs and decreases the frequency of the behavior that produces it
      • Rewards - must come immediatly after the behavior you want to change.
      • John Watson's Experiment - The case of the Little Albert.


Lauren S.
Debbie P.
Works Cited

Van Wagner, Kendra. "What is Psychology?" About.Com. 2008. 14 Jan. 2008 http://psychology.about.com/od/psychology101/f/psychfaq.htm.

"The Psychology Major Site." Indianna University College of Arts and Science. 2002. Indianna University. 15 Jan. 2008 <http://www.indiana.edu/~psych/undergrad/Major/whypsych.html>.

Roustan. "Digital Story Assignment." Mrs. Roustan's Online Classroom. 2008. Eastern High. 15 Jan. 2008 http://schoolcenter.fhps.us/education/components/docmgr/default.php?sectiondetailid=14550&fileitem=9352&catfilter=1901.

Brown, William C. "Classical Conditioning." 16 Sept. 1996. 17 Jan. 2008 http://www.as.wvu.edu/~sbb/comm221/chapters/pavlov.htm.

"Classical Conditioning." Ivan Pavlov's Classical Conditioning. 18 Jan. 2008 http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/classical_conditioning.htm.


Photo Citations

"Pavlov Dog." Flickr. 18 Jan. 2008 <http://www.flickr.com/photos/zoltandragon/323800975/>.

"Classical Conditioning." Ivan Pavlov's Classical Conditioning. 18 Jan. 2008 http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/classical_conditioning.htm.

http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/Mind/Images/39.GIF