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Interesting Info (for abnormal Behaviors)


"Patient with multiple personalities sketches her 17 alter egos" **Check out the rest of the story!**
A woman who developed multiple personalities as the result of being abused as a child has sketched her alter egos — all 17 of them. Karen Overhill took on a range of personalities to escape the trauma, such as Sandy, 18, a depressed binge eater, and Jensen, an 11-year-old black boy who drew the sketch. She had been abused by her father and grandfather during her childhood, starting with physical assaults by her dad when she was just a baby. The mother-of-two began developing imaginary people aged between two to 34 to bear the brunt of the abuse. Two-year-old Karen Boo took over when she was attacked as an infant, while seven-year-old Claire was created after Ms Overhill was sexually abused on her Communion Day.
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Major Depressive disorder


o Single episode depression. The first episode may not be as noticable if it is mild, however, most episodes strick deeply and seriously in one dranatic episode.
o Major Depressive disorder affects over 15 million americans.
o Depression occurs twice as frequently in women as in men
o Depression results in a depressed mood, loss of interest, or even a significant weight loss.

Symptoms
o Lack of energy.
o Feelings of worthlessness
o Sleep disruption
o Weight loss and wieght gain

Treatment
o Antidepressant medication
Bupropion(Wellbutrin).
Venlafaxine(Effexor).
Trazodone(Desyrel).
Nefazodone(Serzone).
Mirtazapine (Remeron).
o Cognitive behavioral therapy
o Psychotherapy

The goal of these treatments is to relieve symptoms of a major depressive episode and reduce the risk for recurrence.

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Recurrent Depression


o Is an extended pattern of sadness, anxiety, or fatigue.
o Most severe category of depression. Within this type of depression most
symptoms are present and at their most severe or intense statge.

Three elements of this depression include;
1.) Dependancy
A continuum of physical and psychological attachments.
2.) Self Criticism
Being your own critic to your personal life, and your faults and weaknesses.
3.) Inefficacy
When you are unable to produce the disired effect.

Of those who experience one episode of major depression, more than 50 percent will have a recurrence. (www.psychologyinfo.com)



Bipolar Disorder

o Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness. People who have it experience dramatic mood swings. They may go from overly energetic, "high" and/or irritable, to sad and hopeless, and then back again. They often have normal moods in between.
o The up feeling is called mania. The down feeling is depression.
o Individuals become abnormally happy or unhappy.
1 out of 7 people are suffering from manic depression or bipolar disorder.
(www.kidshealth.org)

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Some common triggers of bipolar mood swings include:

  • Not having a regular sleep schedule
  • Misusing alcohol or drugs
  • Stopping your medicine
  • Problems at work
  • The death of a loved one
  • Marriage
  • Starting college
  • Starting a new job


Types of Bipolar Disorders

Bipolar I DisorderMania and Depression
Bipolar I Disorder is the classic manic-depressive form of the illness, as well as the most severe type of bipolar disorder. It is characterized by at least one manic episode or mixed episode. Although a previous episode of major depression is not required for diagnosis, the vast majority of people with Bipolar I Disorder have experienced one. The typical course of Bipolar I Disorder involves recurring cycles between mania and depression.
Bipolar II DisorderHypomania and Depression
In Bipolar II disorder, the person doesn’t experience full-blown manic episodes. Instead, the illness involves episodes of hypomania and severe depression.
CyclothymiaHypomania and Mild Depression
Cyclothymia, also known as cyclothymic disorder, is a milder form of bipolar disorder. Like bipolar disorder, cyclothymia consists of cyclical mood swings. However, the highs and lows are not severe enough to qualify as either mania or major depression.
Rapid CyclingFrequent episodes in Bipolar I or Bipolar II Disorder
Rapid cycling is a subtype of bipolar disorder characterized by four or more manic, hypomanic, or depressive episodes within one year. The shifts from low to high can even occur over a matter of days or hours. People with Bipolar I and Bipolar II disorder can experience rapid cycling. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, rapid cycling usually develops later in the course of bipolar disorder.
(www.helpguide.org)



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Citations



-- Carroll, Robert T. "Multiple Personality Disorder." The Skeptic's Dictionary. 03 Dec. 2007. 14 Jan. 2008 <http://skepdic.com/mpd.html>.

-- Carruthers, Martyn . "Are You Abnormal?." Abnormal Behavior and Systemic Solutions. 2008. Soulwork systemic coaching. 14 Jan 2008 http://www.soulwork.net/sw_articles_eng/abnormal.htm.

-- "Dissociative Amnesia." The Cleveland Clinic Health Information Center. 16 Jan. 2008. The Cleveland Clinic. 14 Jan. 2008 <http://www.clevelandclinic.org/health/health-info/docs/3800/3824.asp?index9789>.

·-- Franklin, Donald J. "Major Depression". 17. Jan 2008 <http://www.psychologyinfo.com/depression/major.htm>.

·-- Frey, Rebecca J. "Multiple Personality Disorder." Health a to Z. Dec. 2002. The Gale Group. 14 Jan. 2008
<http://www.healthatoz.com/healthatoz/Atoz/common/standard/transform.jsp?requestURI=/healthatoz/Atoz/ency/multiple_personality_disorder.jsp>.

-- Grohol, John M.. "Major Depressive Episode". American Psychiatric Association. January 18 2008 <http://psychcentral.com/disorders/sx5.htm>.

-- MedlinePlus, "Bipolar Disorder". National Institute of Mental Health. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bipolardisorder.html>.

-- Segal, Jeanne. "Bipolar Disorder". Helpguide. January 19, 2008 <http://www.helpguide.org/mental/bipolar_disorder_symptoms_treatment.htm>.

--Sheslow, PhD, David V.. "Bipolar Disorder". Kids Health, Nemours Foundation. http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/mental_health/bipolar.html

-- Stephens, Laura. "Multiple Personality Disorder." Psychology Today. 2008. Sussex Publishers LLC. 14 Jan. 2008
<http://psychologytoday.com/conditions/did.html>.

-- Wilson, Bo. "News." Daily Mail. 25 Nov. 2007. 14 Jan. 2008 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id=489655&in_page_id=1770.=